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When you bring a new pet into your home, or even contemplate bringing one into your home, the first and most pressing question on your mind is: what will they eat? What is the mainstay of their diet? And the same question will arise every time you acquire a guinea pig as well.
Although most articles you read and people you talk to recommend feeding guinea pigs hay, is it really necessary to provide them with this supplement? What kind of hay is best for them, and how much should they be fed? Let’s take a look and see!Is hay necessary for guinea pigs? The answer is yes, hay is an essential part of any guinea pig’s diet. Guinea pigs benefit from hay because it provides them with essential fiber and nutrients that are necessary for the proper functioning of their bodies. If they do not get enough hay in their diet, they may suffer from fiber deficiency, which can result in poor digestion and abnormal growth in them.Guinea pigs’ diets should contain at least 80 percent hay to ensure that they are healthy. Your guinea pigs’ nutritional needs are met by providing them with high-quality hay.

It also contributes to the wear and tear on their teeth. Providing your guinea pig with a well-balanced and healthy diet is essential to maintaining their excellent health and leading a happy lifestyle.

Which type of hay is the most suitable for guinea pigs? To feed your guinea pig, Timothy hay is the best type of feed that is available. It contains the ideal combination of fiber, protein, and calcium, all of which are required by our guinea pigs. Despite the fact that there is a wide variety of hay available, ranging from alfalfa, meadow, oats, and Bermuda, timothy hay is the preferred choice of the majority of guinea pig enthusiasts.


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What kinds of hay can guinea pigs eat?

A wide variety of hay is available for guinea pigs to consume, though not all of it is equally beneficial to our rodent companions.

We should exercise extreme caution when selecting feed for our guinea pigs, despite the fact that there is a wide variety of options available on the market to choose from. Let us take a look at the various types of hay that are available on the market today:

Timothy hay

Timothy hay is the most common type of hay used by guinea pig owners worldwide. Due to the fact that it is readily available, has a pleasant aroma, and tastes exceptionally good, it is the absolute favorite of all guinea pigs.

Timothy hay for guinea pigs
1st Cut Timothy Hay High fiber, Low Fat & Protein Ideal for guinea pigs with dental issues & Gastrointestinal issues
2nd Cut Timothy Hay The ideal ratio of all Nutrients Perfect for healthy guinea pigs
3rd Cut Timothy Hay Low fiber, High Fat & Protein Ideal for sick guinea pigs who need to gain weight or has some chewing problem or mouth pain.

Things to look for when selecting Timothy hay: Timothy hay is available in a variety of seasonal cuts, ranging from the first cut to the third cut.

Make certain that the one you choose is appropriate for your guinea pig. The feed you choose must be green, fresh, and have a slight sweetness to it. It should also have a completely dry and mold-free feeling to it.

Things to avoid: Avoid eating hay that is thick and straw-like because it is difficult to digest. In addition, stay away from packs that have a musky or moldy odor emanating from them. The presence of yellow straw-like grass is also a warning sign when selecting a lawn.

Alfalfa hay

Alfalfa hay contains a high concentration of fiber, protein, and fat, and as a result, it should not be included in your guinea pigs’ daily diet.

Feeding your guinea pigs alfalfa hay on a regular basis can result in weight gain and obesity, which is not good for their overall health and wellbeing.

As it happens, Alfalfa hay also contains a high concentration of calcium, which is detrimental to the health of your guinea pig’s teeth.

Bladder stones, diarrhea, and other health problems can occur when people consume too much calcium in their diet.

Although there may be an exception if your guinea pig is nursing or very young, this is not always the case.

Because they would require a greater amount of nutrients during that stage, including some alfalfa hay in their diet has proven to be beneficial.

However, you should avoid making it a regular part of their diet because the calorie intake would be significantly higher than necessary in that case.

If your guinea pig is suffering from health problems and needs to gain some weight, your veterinarian may recommend that you include some alfalfa hay in their diet to help them gain weight. In addition, you can add the recommended amount during this time period.

Alternatively, a small amount of alfalfa hay added once in a while can add some variety to the diet of any adult guinea pigs, though the amount must be limited so that they do not suffer any negative consequences as a result of the addition.

Meadow Hay

Meadow hay is made up of soft-stemmed grasses, clovers, leaves, flowers, and seed heads of other edible plants such as dandelions, daisies, and other similar flowers and seeds.

To put it simply, anything that is in the meadow while harvesting ends up in the bag with your guinea pigs in it. The distinctive characteristic of this hay is the presence of long, green grass strands.

Guinea pig meadow hay

Because it is softer than Timothy hay, it is more pleasant to chew on for some guinea pigs than Timothy hay is.

While some guinea pigs enjoy the addition of flowers and stems to their food, others dislike it; it all depends on the guinea pig’s personal preference.

Meadow hay is also less dusty than other types of feed, which makes it a good choice if you have an allergy to Timothy hay, for example.

It is the long strands of grasses in this hay that are high in fiber and other nutrients, which are critical for guinea pigs’ health and development.

Aside from promoting good dental health, it also has a digestive benefit, which is an added bonus.

If you want to use Meadow hay, look for long green strands because they are more fresh and nutritious than shorter ones.

Bermuda hay

Bermuda hay is a high-quality hay that is only rarely used as a guinea pig feed due to its high cost.

However, despite the fact that it is used as a feed for some larger animals, it is an excellent source of fiber due to the fact that it contains 32 percent crude fiber.

It contains a moderate amount of fat and protein, which makes it an excellent choice; however, because of the high cost and limited availability, it is a relatively uncommon choice among guinea pig owners, despite its benefits.

Oats Hay

Oats hay is yet another unusual choice among guinea pig owners who want to keep things interesting. There are oats attached to the end of the stem of this type of hay, which gives it its name. They are typically yellowish in color and are not at all pleasant to the eye due to their glare.

It contains a high concentration of fiber, protein, and fat, making it an excellent choice for adult guinea pigs who require additional nutrients.

Also, if your guinea pig does not like 1st cut Timothy hay, you could try Oats hay instead, but this is not recommended for other guinea pigs because it is not as nutritious.

Although it can be used to spice things up once in a while in small amounts to add variety to their diet, it should not be included in their daily diet.

Orchard hay

guinea pig owners who suffer from allergies should consider using orchard hay as a bedding material. It contains the ideal combination of Fiber, Fats, and Protein for our guinea pigs’ nutritional requirements.

When compared to Timothy hay, orchard hay has a broader leaf, but the texture is extremely soft, making it extremely easy for guinea pigs to chew.

Because of its smooth texture, it is also an excellent choice for bedding. If you’re going to use orchard hay, make sure you get a fresh bag and that it is green and mold-free.

What is the significance of hay for guinea pigs?

Hay is an important component of a guinea pig’s diet. Hay provides the majority of the nutritional requirements for guinea pigs.

Despite the fact that they consume other foods such as fruits, vegetables, and pellets, these are primarily used as a nutritional supplement. Let’s take a look at some of the most important advantages of hay for guinea pigs.

Source of Nutrients

Fibre, fat, and protein are all found in abundance in hay, making it a valuable source of essential nutrients. These nutrients are essential for the proper development of guinea pigs.

They also provide the guinea pigs with enough calories to meet their daily caloric requirements.

Helps In Maintaining Digestive Health

Hay is high in fiber, which is essential for maintaining the digestive health of the animals in question. Guinea pigs have delicate digestive organs, and if we do not provide them with a nutritious diet, they may suffer from diarrhea and other illnesses as a result.

Hay is a staple part of their diet, and it provides them with the majority of the nutrients they require. As a result, guinea pigs must have access to an unlimited supply of hay at all times.

Top-Rated Guinea Pig Supplies: Our Top Picks! Recommended Guinea Pig Supplies: Our Top Picks!

Before you read on, here are some supplies for your guinea pigs that have been hand-picked by our experts and that you should add to your wishlist right away:

Helps in Wearing Down of Teeth

Not only does hay aid in the maintenance of good digestive health, but it also aids in the wearing down of the teeth of our Guinea Pigs.

As you may be aware, guinea pigs have constantly growing teeth that require constant wear and tear to keep them healthy.

If you don’t provide enough hay in their diet, their teeth may grow excessively, which can lead to further health problems in the future.

Natural Bedding Material

Hay is also a natural bedding material for your guinea pigs, which they will appreciate. Good-quality hay is absorbent and soft, and it can sometimes function properly as a result.

Guinea pig hay

Guinea pigs are known to enjoy burrowing, and providing them with a pile of hay to play with can be extremely beneficial. It also aids in the insulation of the home during the winter, thus keeping your guinea pig a little warm.

Hay For Guinea Pigs: Types, How Much & Why Feed It

Check out some of the best Hay and Bedding Supplies for your guinea pigs:

Can guinea pigs survive without hay?

No, Guinea pigs are unable to survive for long periods of time without hay. A healthy guinea pig can survive for up to 24 hours without hay, but the next 24 hours will be extremely difficult for them, and they may not even make it through that period.

Fertilized hay is an important source of fiber and other essential nutrients for livestock, without which they may suffer from a variety of digestive issues and other illnesses.

If you do not provide them with the proper nutrition, these diseases can worsen quickly and even become life-threatening if not treated promptly.

Also read:

How much hay can you give to a guinea pig?

You can provide your guinea pig with an unlimited amount of Timothy hay at any time. However, if you are including another type of hay in the mix, such as oats hay or alfalfa hay, you must limit the amount you feed.

In general, your guinea pig should have access to food and water at all times, regardless of the situation. Remember to provide fresh hay and water to your animals on a daily basis to ensure that they stay healthy and happy.

How to store hay for guinea pigs?

The proper storage of hay for your guinea pig is an important consideration that you should not overlook. Assuming you purchased high-quality fresh hay, you should store it in a cool, dry location to ensure that it remains as fresh as possible.

Storage away from direct sunlight and heat sources is recommended, as these can dry out the hay and reduce its nutritional value.

Making certain that your hay is kept away from moisture is also critical. Humidity can cause your hay to become moldy in a short period of time.

In addition, you must make certain that the hay is delivered in small badges. Hay has a tendency to lose its nutritional value as time passes.

For this reason, if you are purchasing a large bale of hay for your guinea pig in order to save money, keep in mind that it may not be of much benefit to them.

We always recommend that you feed your guinea pig high-quality hay because it accounts for 80 percent of their total caloric intake. You can read more about our recommended hay in the following article:

Best hay for your guinea pigs

Can you feed a guinea pig only hay?

No, you are not permitted to feed your guinea pigs only hay. Despite the fact that hay must account for 80 percent of their diet, it is deficient in one important nutrient, namely vitamin C.

guinea pigs do not produce their own Vitamin C, so they require a supplement in the form of fruits, vegetables, and pellets in their diet to meet their nutritional needs.

Feeding your guinea pig with only hay might lead to diseases like scurvy in the long run.

guinea pigs require an unlimited amount of hay, one cup of vegetables, one-eighth cup of pellets, as well as occasional fruits and treats in order to maintain a well-balanced daily intake of nutrients.

Learn more detail about scurvy from this source.

Why does my guinea pig only eat hay?

Guinea pigs are picky eaters, just like humans, when it comes to their food choices. While some guinea pigs will eat whatever they can get their hands on, others prefer to eat only one specific type of food at a time. If your guinea pig is only eating hay, this indicates that it is particular about what it eats.

You should experiment with different vegetables such as lettuce, carrots, cucumber, zucchini, bell pepper, and so on.

You can also experiment with different fruits such as oranges, apples, grapes, watermelons, and so on. What I can tell you from my own personal experience is that perseverance is the key to success.

Try to provide a variety of foods on a daily basis, and pay attention to what they liked and didn’t like. Another option is to take a patch of hay and mix it with some vegetables or fruit, and then try to offer the same thing to the animal. This is especially useful if your pet only consumes hay.

It is necessary to be a little more imaginative if your guinea pig is a fussy eater.

Can guinea pigs eat too much hay?

No, you will never be able to overfeed your guinea pigs hay. In fact, you must ensure that your guinea pigs have a constant supply of fresh hay at all times.

The absence of hay in their diet can result in a variety of health problems in them. Also, keep in mind that you should limit the amount of Vegetables, Fruits, and Pellets you feed them because overfeeding these can be detrimental to their health.

How long can a guinea pig live without hay?

A guinea pig can survive without hay for up to 24 hours. It is possible that they will experience digestive problems following that period.

The animals may even succumb to starvation and deteriorating health if you do not provide hay for at least 72 hours after they have been starving.

Can guinea pigs eat grass instead of hay?

No, guinea pigs are unable to consume grass in place of hay. While it is possible to feed some grass in addition to side hay on occasion, grass should never be used as a substitute for hay.

Hay contains a significant amount of fiber as well as other nutrients that grass does not contain. Furthermore, most grass is treated with pesticides and other chemicals that are lethal to guinea pigs, making it unfit for consumption.

Can I use timothy hay for guinea pig bedding?

Timothy hay can be used as bedding, which is correct. Timothy hay has a smooth and soft texture, making it an excellent choice for natural bedding applications.

Although it is not the best type of litter for keeping the cage odor-free, it will certainly suffice in this situation.

Guinea pigs also enjoy burrowing and playing in a pile of hay, which makes it an excellent addition to any guinea pig cage.


Is it safe to feed guinea pigs orchard hay?

Yes, orchard hay is a great choice for guinea pigs because it is high in nutrients. It is similar to Timothy hay in that it contains an ideal balance of essential nutrients such as fiber, fat, and protein. Timothy hay is also a fantastic option for people who are allergic to the hay itself.

Is oat hay beneficial to guinea pigs?

In this case, oats hay is not the best option for your guinea pigs to consume. In fact, it contains high levels of certain nutrients such as fiber, fat, and protein, which can cause health problems in guinea pigs if they are consumed in large quantities. However, if your guinea pig is sick and needs to gain weight, including a small portion of this food in their diet may be beneficial.

Is alfalfa hay safe for guinea pigs to consume?

It is not recommended that your guinea pigs consume alfalfa hay on a regular basis. It contains a high concentration of calcium, which can result in the formation of stones in the intestines and urinary tract. Despite the fact that we can occasionally feed small quantities. Additionally, alfalfa hay can be fed to nursing and young guinea pigs because they require more nutrients during this stage of their lives.

Is it safe to feed guinea pigs Meadow Hay?

Yes, meadow hay is suitable for feeding our guinea pigs and can be used in their diet. It does, however, contain some flowers and seeds from other edible plants, as well as hay, which your guinea pig may or may not find appealing at times. Aside from that, we can feed it to our guinea pigs in the same manner as we would regular hay.

Is Timothy Hay a good choice for guinea pigs to eat?

We can feed our guinea pigs timothy hay, and it is one of the best types of hay that we can give them. It contains exactly the right amount of fiber, fat, and protein that our guinea pigs require to survive.

Is it safe for guinea pigs to eat barley hay?

The answer is no, we should not give our guinea pigs barley hay. This type of hay does not provide the nutrition that our guinea pigs require. The truth is that hay is the primary source of nutrition for our Guinea Pigs, and if we do not provide them with high-quality hay, they may not develop to their fullest potential.

Is it safe for guinea pigs to eat Bermuda hay?

Bermuda hay is definitely safe for guinea pigs to consume. In fact, it is one of the best types of hay available for use in the production of feed for a wide variety of other animals. Despite the fact that it is an unpopular choice due to its limited availability and high price,

What kind of hay is the most suitable for baby guinea pigs?

Babies should be fed an Alfalfa hay mixture with Timothy hay mixed in, as recommended by the American Guinea Pig Society. Alfalfa hay is high in calcium, which they require during this growing phase because their body grows at a rapid rate during the first 5-6 weeks after birth. After that, we should only provide Timothy hay to our guinea pigs as a source of nutrition.

Is fescue hay safe for guinea pigs to consume?

No, we should not give our guinea pigs fescue hay to feed them. Our guinea pigs’ nutritional needs are not being met by these hays, which are deficient in certain nutrients. Although it is a popular choice as a horse feed, it is not suitable for guinea pigs because of the high sugar content.

Is guinea pig hay made from Western timothy good for them?

The answer is yes, Western Timothy hay is among the best hays available for your guinea pigs to consume. Guinea pigs benefit from this hay because it is high in fiber and low in protein, making it one of the best choices for your pet.

Is it possible to feed guinea pigs horse hay?

Yes, we can give our guinea pigs horse hay as a treat. It is necessary to use horse hay only in the event that Timothy hay is unavailable for some reason. Timothy hay may contain high levels of calcium and phosphorus, which can be harmful to our guinea pigs, so we must only use horse hay in this situation. As a result, the serving of horse hay is not recommended in the long term.

Is it okay for guinea pigs to drink from straws?

Our guinea pigs should not be fed straw, and we should not do so either. Straw contains little to no nutritional value for them, so providing them with straw will be of little benefit to them. Additionally, if the straw ends up poking the guinea pigs’ eyes, they run the risk of contracting an infection. As a result, it is best to avoid it at all costs.

Which type of hay is the best for guinea pigs?

We’ve found that Timothy hay and Orchard hay are among the best types of hay for guinea pigs that we can get our hands on. This hay has the ideal balance of fiber and protein, and as a result, it is highly recommended by most guinea pig enthusiasts.

Is it possible for guinea pigs to consume hay?

Your guinea pigs cannot be fed just any type of hay, no matter how tasty it is. Among the best hay choices for your guinea pigs are Timothy hay and Orchard grass hay, among others.